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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 71-77

Association of human leukocyte antigen-DRB1 with the response in patients with vitiligo

1 Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
2 Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Fathia M Khattab
Assistant Professor, Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejdv.ejdv_3_18

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Background Vitiligo is a pigmentary disorder associated with the selective destruction of the skin melanocytes. Among the many human leukocyte antigen (HLA) alleles claimed to be incriminated in establishing vitiligo, HLA-DRB1 is included in many dermatological diseases and has been widely investigated in different studies worldwide. Aim To examine the susceptibility between HLA-DRB1 gene polymorphism and the therapeutic response of vitiligo. Patients and methods We performed a cohort study at Dermatology and Venereology Department, Zagazig Institution Hospitals from January 2018 to January 2019 on 80 patients with vitiligo who were subjected to treatment. Response to therapy was observed, and we followed up patients for 6 months. HLA-DRB1 genotyping using real-time PCR was performed once. Results The results showed that there was a significant statistical association regarding the therapeutic response in our study. Conclusion Our findings advise that DRB1 *0701 and *0413 are associated with good therapeutic response, whereas DRB1 *8 and *12 alleles are associated with worse therapeutic response among Egyptians.

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