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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 39  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 66-70

Serum levels of interleukin-38 in sufferers with atopic eczema

1 Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology and Departments, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
2 Clinical Pathology, Department of Clinical Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Fathia M Khattab
Assistant Professor of Dermatology, Venereology and Andrology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, 44511
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ejdv.ejdv_2_18

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Background The relation between interleukin-38 (IL-38) and atopy is not precisely regarded yet. The current study has a look at set to assess the serum level of IL-38 in atopy patients and controls in order to illustrate the disease association and correlation with severity. Objective The aim of this study was to quantify serum IL-38 titers in atopic dermatitis patients and to observe relationships with disease severity‏‏. Patients and method s Twenty-six atopic cases along with 26 healthy controls were attributed in this case–control study. Clinical severity was evaluated by SCORing Atopic Dermatitis index. Serum level of IL-38 was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for all participants. Also, peripheral eosinophilic count and total immunoglobulin E were measured in participating patients only. Results IL-38 serum concentrations were extensively higher in atopic sufferers than controls (P<0.05). Moreover, there is a statistically significant correlation between IL-38 levels and both atopic severity and inflammatory markers as peripheral eosinophilic count and total immunoglobulin E. Conclusion IL-38 represents a mirror for atopic severity and its inflammatory state.

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